He seems to have retained the regiment's first issue
trousers, and is either still wearing the leggings or boots. Clearly
visible is the regiment's dark blue sash. He wears two shirts, a
light-colored overshirt and a dark-colored undershirt, the cuffs of
which are visible. A dark neckerchief and fez complete his ensemble.
Most notable about this man
is his dark neckerchief worn over what may be a Federal issue shirt.
Dark blue trousers and a fez are also worn.
Also wearing what might be
a Federal-issue shirt over a darker colored undershirt. What looks to
be a fireman's badge is seen on the right breast.
This fellow is wearing a
dark overshirt along with dark blue trousers.
He's clad in a fez, white
shirt, and dark blue trousers.
This soldier wears a dark
overshirt with what looks to be a N.Y.F.D. engine company badge, dark
blue trousers, and a kepi that seems like part of
their first-issue uniform.
Most notable about this
soldier is his civilian slouch hat.
In a dark shirt with a fire
badge and dark blue trousers, this soldier has topped everything off
with a regulation forage cap.
Prominently seen at the
center placket of this man's shirt is a N.Y.F.D. engine company badge.
He also wears a civilian style "mechanic's cap."
of his shirt shows that it is of a plaid/check pattern, either wool or
cotton. It seems to have a watch chain leading to a front breast
pocket. Also note dark-colored fez, and what may be first-issue gray
In this, an alternate view taken of
some other prisoners, we see the same trneds of mixed uniform pieces.
As you can see, other than dark blue trousers, there was very little
"uniformity" to the Fire Zouaves' field uniform. For those who plan to
portray this regiment at living history events, the following is a
recommended list, in order of preference.
Zouave fez (red,
with blue tassel -- based on descriptions of "red skull caps" and a fez
identified to Brownell.)
Zouave fez (blue, with blue
tassel -- based on blue fez found on Manassas battlefield near
Kepi (red with blue band,
single-thickness visor, ornamented with brass ball buttons. Company
letter and "1Z" in brass affixed to front.)
Federal-issue forage cap.
Civilian slouch hat or
mechanic's cap (in VERY limited numbers.)
HAVELOCKS MAY BE WORN WITH KEPI OR
overshirt with placket front,
preferrably red -- primary source references lead us to believe that
not all of these red shirts were fire shirts brought from New York by
the men, but rather were issued to them while in the service of the
regiment. "Fireman's" style shirts, of WOOL FLANNEL, are
acceptable; the prevailing style in use by the NYFD in the 1860s was of
a trapezoidal/rectangular front that was partially stitched down to the
shirt on the left half, NOT the "shield" or "badge" shape with curved
bottoms that fasten with buttons entirely around the perimeter.
Blue, gray, and white are also documented overshirt colors of
2. Federal-issue domet flannel
Homespun cotton or wool
UNDERSHIRTS OF WHITE OR RED ARE
ENCOURAGED FOR USE IN CONJUNCTION WITH OVERSHIRTS.
JACKET (Not encouraged)
First-issue jacket, in
poor condition, of correct materials, pattern, and construction.
Second-issue jacket, if
documentation is ever found.
Federal-issue pattern of
dark blue kersey, with proper construction, pattern, and material.
First-issue pattern, in
Dark blue wool.
RUSSET LEATHER LEGGINGS ACCEPTABLE, OF
GOOD QUALITY AND CONSTRUCTION.
boots (based on account of a Fire Zouave purchasing a pair in
Washington, and requesting the bill be sent to President Lincoln.)
.58 caliber U.S. Percussion rifle-musket with M1855 bayonet.
M1855 .58 U.S. Percussion
rifle with saber bayonet (Companies A & K only.)
M1861 .58 Springfield
SMALL REVOLVERS AND BOWIE KNIVES
ENCOURAGED, BASED ON PERIOD ACCOUNTS.
M1857 pattern .58 caliber
rifle-musket cartridge box with US box plate.
M1850 pattern cap pouch.
M1852 waxed leather/blackened
buff waist belt with standing loop, US belt plate.
(Research indicates that "SNY" plates
would not have been used by early-war state volunteers such as the
bayonet scabbard (if using M1855 bayonet.)
M1858 New York Depot canteen
with leather sling.
Blanket roll, preferrably red,
but Federal-issue or civilian style OK.
No known acceptable replica of
the patent tent/knapsack has yet been made, and as the regiment marched
to the Bull Run battlefield with blanket rolls only, no knapsacks are
to be used.
A NOTE ABOUT FIREMEN'S
BELTS...Although Brownell is pictured wearing the belt of Premier
Engine Co. 1, it should be remembered that his company was NOT from New
York City, rather it was from Troy, NY. The use of this kind of belt by
members of the NYFD seems to have been VERY limited. In fact, I have
personally only seen ONE painting of two company foremen wearing this
style belt (click
here to see painting) and one photograph of a Brooklyn fireman
wearing a belt with what look to be applied brass letters spelling out
his fire company. These belts are notably absent from any period
description of the Fire Zouaves, and as such it can be determined that
they were not as widely worn as we have previously believed.
nekerchief of silk or cotton, tied in the nautical manner.
NYFD 1860 pattern fire badges
-- these are known to have been worn by the regiment, according to the
the Castle Pinckney photographs, and also a newspaper article that
mentions that many of their badges had been lost at Bull Run. Originals
are very expensive, but we are currently working on getting replicas
here for a drawing of the three styles in use by 1861.
bands/rosettes/cockades for Ellsworth.
If you have any questions about these items or the impression, feel
free to e-mail Marc Hermann
or Shaun Grenan.
We are greatly
indebted to the research work of Michael McAfee and the late
LAST UPDATED: June 20, 2011.